The identity’s urge to defend itself and get the better–or rather the best–of a given situation to ensure its survival (similar to animal behavior); this often happens with the help of well concealed manipulations. Self-interest in others is always rather obvious, but in ourselves we have to search for it. What I don’t like in others is generally their self-interest. But as soon as I reproach someone for it–even just in thought–I encounter my own self-interest. Examples: the attitude of Judas towards Jesus is generally interpreted as being motivated by self-interest. The “hungry ghosts” of Tibetan Buddhism also embody self-interest. People who consider themselves Christians often hide their self-interest behind so-called compassion. It is also self-interest when we attach ourselves to the self-interest of others.